In townships such as Orange Farm with many households surviving on social grants, very few families can afford the luxury of providing quality early childhood education to their children. It gets even worse for orphans, some of whom are unable to get birth certificates, the prerequisite for entry into the social welfare system. In cases where ECD centres exists they are not adequately equipped to achieve the ECD desired and expected results. Without some bold intervention at the early childhood years, investments made at other levels will only produce the opposite results, as the intended beneficiaries would not have been ready.
Early childhood is widely regarded as the most rapid period of development in a human life. It is also the most important as it is in this period that the foundation for future wellbeing and learning is laid. A research published by UNICEF has shown that half of a person's intelligence potential is developed by age four and that early childhood interventions can have a lasting effect on intellectual capacity, personality, and social behaviour. It is therefore important to invest in these early years of the children's lives. These years are critical for mental and psychological development. According to UNICEF, a failure to invest in Early Childhood Development can result in development delay and disability as well as inhibit the optimal development and performance of children throughout their lives.